Abdullah Abdullah

During his address to the United Nations General Assembly, Afghanistan’s Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah has called for Pakistan to keep its promise to crack down on Islamic extremists blamed for carrying out cross-border attacks and destablising the impoverished war-torn country.

Abdullah Abdullah’s address Monday night to the UNGA came hours after a fast-moving assault by the Taliban captured the strategic northern Afghan city of Kunduz in a multi-pronged attack involving hundreds of fighters, the first time the insurgents have seized a major urban area since the 2001 US-led invasion.

Abdullah said some of the attackers had come from abroad, and said, “We call on Pakistan to do what its leadership promised to us a few months ago when they agreed to crack down on known terror outfits.”

Abdullah also cited the Islamic State as among the extremist groups sowing terror in Afghanistan, and said without external support “this guerrilla-style low intensity warfare would have been history by now.”

The Afghan leader expressed optimism that the insurgency would be defeated, saying “these attempts will eventually fail to subdue us.”

Further, on Monday Afghan President Ashraf Ghani said that relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan were not brotherly but like a relationship between two states. In an interview with the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) on the first anniversary of his presidential term, Ghani urged Islamabad to take the same stance against terrorists targeting Pakistan or any other country.

The Afghan president’s statement comes at a time when relations between the two countries are tense, with leaders from both sides accusing the other of harbouring terrorists. Popular belief in Afghanistan questions Pakistan’s sincerity in seeking a cooperative, mutually beneficial relationship.

On Saturday, Adviser to the Pakistan Prime Minister on National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz while attending a high level event “Afghanistan’s Peaceful Reconstruction and Regional Cooperation” said the peace and prosperity of Afghanistan was essential for Pakistan’s own security.

Sartaj stressed that Pakistan’s efforts to persuade the Afghan Taliban to participate in peace talks should not, however, be interpreted as indirect endorsement of the current surge of violence in Afghanistan. The event was co-hosted by Afghan Foreign Minister Salahuddin Rabbani, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and United States Secretary of State John Kerry.