The month of Ramadan is not merely a holy month for Muslims. In the history of Islam, a major event that is crucial and meaningful to Muslims occurred in this month. At least, there are 11 important events that occurred in the history of Islam, whether classic or modern. What are these events?
Here are 11 Historical Events Islam in Ramadan.
1. Liberation of Makkah (Mecca Fathul)
What is Fathul Makkah? Events Fathul Makkah is an event in which the end of the Companions of Prophet Muhammad and mastered Makkah and destroy the idols in the vicinity. So the holy Kaaba again. This event stems from Hudaibiyah treaty in 628 AD It is an agreement between the Muslims and the Quraysh. This agreement occurs when a group led by the Prophet Muhammad was about to perform Hajj in the House. However, the Quraish saw it as a threat. If the people of Medina, which is actually a rival of Quraish came to Makkah, then what those responses later? For this reason, the leaders of Quraysh with all their efforts to formulate a strategy, that binds the Muslims in a deal that can not freely visit Makkah. And it came to pass Hudaibiyah agreement. Fear is natural Quraish appear, because after the Prophet and several hundred companions migrated from Makkah towards Yathrib (Medina), between the Muslims and the Quraysh almost always be wars are inevitable. In a siege for 20 days by 10 thousand troops Quraish against Medina in 627 CE, the Prophet Muhammad and 3,000 Muslims successfully defend Medina.
Fill Hudaibiyah agreement include:
First, a truce for ten years
Secondly, Muslims entered Makkah justified in the following year, staying there for three days with just carrying a weapon.
Third, cooperate in cases that lead to goodness.
Fourth, the person who ran into the Quraysh Islam must be returned to Makkah.
Fifth, Muslims who fled to Mecca is not returned to Medina,
sixth, the two sides should establish cooperation with other tribes but may not help in the battle.
Finally, in 630, exactly on the 10th of Ramadan, 8 AH, the Prophet Mohammed and his 10,000 troops moved from Medina to Mecca, and then master the whole of Mecca without any bloodshed, as well as destroying the idols are placed in and around the Kaaba.
2. The revelation of the Qur’an Month
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala says in the Qur’an: “(Some days it is specified) Month of Ramadan, the month in which the derived (the beginning of) the Qur’an as a guidance for mankind and the explanations of the clues and the difference (between the right and the vanity) … “(Surat al-Baqara: 185)
Imam Ibn Kathir explains: “Allah praised Ramadan among other months, because he had chosen among all months of the month the Qur’an revealed to him that the great.” As God specializes Ramadan as a month of the revelation of the Qur’an, in fact has been mentioned by hadith that the month of Ramadan is also the book of Allah revealed to the prophets before Prophet Muhammad.
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal in Musnadnya narrated: “These sheets (shuhuf) Prophet Ibrahim was revealed at the beginning of Ramadan night and the Torah revealed on the sixth of Ramadan, and the Gospel revealed on the thirteenth of Ramadan, the Qur’an was revealed on the twenty-fourth of Ramadan . “(Narrated by Ahmad in Musnad, and declared hasan by Shaykh al-Albani in Ash-As-Lineage Shahihah, no. 1575)
3. Events of the Battle of Badr
On the second Friday of Ramadan in year 2 H first war in Islam is known Battle of Badr. Badr is the name of a place in a valley situated between Medina and Mecca. Islamic Army master control strategic locations with existing water sources in the area.
This war involves as many as 313 members of the Muslim army to deal with 1,000 soldiers armed idolaters of Mecca complete. In this war, the Muslim army won the battle with the pagans killed 70 soldiers, 70 more captured. The rest fled.
This war is an extraordinary when Islamic armies were less number, weak in terms of completeness and fasting in the month of Ramadan to win the battle of Badr. This proves that fasting is not the cause of Muslims being weak and lazy instead try to achieve the pleasure of Allah. People who are struggling to achieve the pleasure of Allah must attain the promised victory.
“Indeed Allah has helped you in the battle of Badr, when ye were (then) those who are weak. Therefore fear Allah, that ye may be grateful for it” (Surah Al-Imran: 123)
4. Islam Login to Yemen
Yemen is located in the south of the Arab peninsula. Prophet sent Ali ibn Abi Talib to bring his letter to the tribe of Hamdan of Yemen in particular. In the period of one day, all of them embraced Islam safely. Historical events that occurred in the month of Ramadan in the 10th move.
5. Khalid bin Al Walid Demolish idol ‘Uzza
After freeing the Muslims of Makkah, Prophet Muhammad cleansed by eliminating 360 sculptures around the Kaaba. Five days before the end of Ramadan in the H-9, the Prophet sent Khalid bin Walid to destroy the statue al ‘Uzza at Nakhla. According to the Arab belief ignorance, al-‘Uzza was the largest statue of the goddess in the area. Khalid bin Walid task was to move toward Nakhla then destroy the statue al ‘Uzza. After that, the worship of the statue came to an end.
6. Submission of Taif City
Taif city never made history when people expel the Prophet while preaching there. After he and the Muslims managed to liberate Makkah, the Banu Thaqif insisted it would not submit to the Prophet Muhammad.
Prophet Muhammad and the Muslim army then advanced to Taif and besieged in a long time. Eventually the Banu Thaqif came to Makkah in the month of Ramadan in the nine H by surrendering the city of Taif in surrender.
7. Liberation of Andalusia (Spain)
Andalus is the Arabic name given to parts of the peninsula areas Liberia ruled by Muslims for some time from the year 711 to 1492 AD At 28 years-92 Ramadan H, Islam commander named Tariq ibn Ziyad sent by the Umayyads to the charming Andalus.
Tariq Islam led the fleet across the sea that separates Africa and Europe. After the Islamic forces landing, Tariq burned ships Islamic army that they did not think to back off. Tariq forces finally managed to control Andalus Andalus and rescue people who have been wronged. Islamic foothold in Andalus for eight centuries.
8. Zallaqah war in Portugal
This event occurred after dawn Friday, the month of Ramadan in 459 AH At that time, the resurrection Murabit dynasty in North Africa. Governor of Cordova, Al Muktamin request assistance Murabit Sultan dynasty, Yusuf bin Tasyifin to fight Alfonso VI.
Army led by Alfonso VI, amounting to 80,000 troops were defeated. Within a short time of Sultan Yusuf had mastered the whole of Spain and save Muslims. After that, Murabit dynasty in Spain stood since 1090 until 1147 AD
9. Defeating Islamic Army Mongol Army
In the year 126 to 1405 AD, the Mongol conquests expanded almost all of Asia. Historically, imperial conquest of their area of 33 million square kilometers. Mongol army general known as Genghis Khan. In a mission of conquest, they killed more than a million people of the country were defeated. Their conquests reached into Moscow and Kiev.
In 1258, the army generals leader Hulagu Khan invaded Baghdad the Abbasid Dynasty splendor. In the attacks, many Muslims were killed and many books written by Islamic scholars dumped into the river Euphrates, and its water Dajlah so black with ink. On 15 Ramadan 658 H together 1260 AD, the Muslim army attack rose to make reply. Islamic Army leaders and scholars of the Mamluk Sultan Qutuz, invaded Egypt to Palestine after the Mongol control. The two sides met at Ain Jalut. War ensued Ain Jalut.
In that battle, victorious Islamic army and succeeded in captivating Kitbuqa Noyen, adviser to Hulagu Khan who advised him to attack Baghdad. Kitbuqa finally executed. The win was a remarkable moment of the famous Mongol violence eventually defeated the army of Islam.
10. Warfare Yakhliz
On 15 Ramadan 1294 H, Islamic armies of the Ottoman Empire led by Mukhtar Ahmad Basha with the number 34 000 members defeated the Russian army numbering 740,000. Some 10,000 Russian soldiers were killed in the fighting. He became the pride of Muslims defend religion threatened by the Czar in Russia.
11. Capture of Bar Lev Line, Israel
In modern history, the battle of Yom Kippur involving Islamic armies (Egypt and Syria) with Israeli soldiers on 10 Ramadan 1390 H coincides with 6 0ktober to 22 or October 24, 1973 AD Yom Kippur War, also known as the 1973 Arab-Israeli war, the October War and Ramadan War.
It is part of the Arab-Israeli conflict since the year 1948. In June 1967, the six-day war between Israel and Egypt, Syria and Jordan. In that battle, Israel captured the Golan hills, Syria, in the north and the Sinai peninsula, Egypt, in the south up to the Suez canal. After that, Israel build defense in the Sinai and Golan hills. In 1971, Israel allocates $ 500 million to build a fort and giant ground work called Bar Lev Line, named after Israeli general, Haim Ber Lev.
Islamic Army captured the castle was once defeated Israel. Between the exciting events in this war is the role of an Islamic scholar Imam mosque doubles as the city of Suez, Hafiz Sheikh Salamah who led the war.