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KARACHI: The Interior Ministry on Tuesday dismissed the summary for Iqbal Day (Nov 9) being declared a holiday. Sindh government announced that educational institutions will remain closed tomorrow to mark Iqbal Day, Aaj News reported. 

A notification issued by the Sindh education department stated that educational institutions will remain closed tomorrow across the province. It should be mentioned here that Iqbal Day holiday was decided in a meeting of Education Department’s Standing Committee.

Federal offices tomorrow (Nov 9) will remain open, according to sources at the Interior Ministry.

Meantime, Rawalpindi Private Schools Association also announced holiday on the occasion of Iqbal Day.

The decision came during a meeting of standing committee for education.

Earlier, there were reports that the government has decided to announce ‘National Holiday’ on November 9 to commemorate the birthday of Allama Iqbal. Government and private institutions were expected to remain closed, but soon the government revokes its decision.

KARACHI: Sindh. Education & Literacy Department has announced that all public and private schools will remain closed on Wednesday, 9th October 2016 on the occasion of Iqbal Day. 

Iqbal Day is celebrated in Pakistan on November 9 annually to mark the birthday of the phenomenal poet. Dubbed as the ‘Poet of the East’, Allama Iqbal was fluent in many languages, a few of which include Urdu, Persian and English.

Allama Iqbal played a prominent role in securing a separate homeland for the Muslims of the sub-continent, which is modern-day Pakistan. He has influenced a great number of scholars, politicians and prominent personalities throughout the sub-continent.


Iqbal’s father, Sheikh Noor Muhammad (died 1930), was a tailor, not formally educated but a religious man.[17][18] Iqbal’s mother Imam Bibi was a polite and humble woman who helped the poor and solved the problems of neighbours. She died on 9 November 1914 in Sialkot.[16][19] Iqbal loved his mother, and on her death he expressed his feelings of pathos in a poetic form elegy.[17]

Who would wait for me anxiously in my native place?

Who would display restlessness if my letter fails to arrive?
I will visit thy grave with this complaint:
Who will now think of me in midnight prayers?
All thy life thy love served me with devotion—
When I became fit to serve thee, thou hast departed.[17]

~~ IQBAL~~
some of his most notable Urdu poems

~~ The preface to Asrar-e khudi (The Secrets of the Self), 1915) [prose preface] ~~

~~ From BANG-E DARA (The Call of the Bell), 1924) [site] ~~

“Two Taranahs” (1904, 1910)
(a study site, with background information on IQBAL as well)
: *study site*

“Shikvah”: *a musaddas* (and “Javab-e shikvah”)

“Insan”: *a nazm*

Kabhi ay haqiqat-e muntazir: *a ghazal*


~~ From BAL-E JIBRIL (The Wing of Gabriel), 1935 [site]~~

Gesu-e tabdar ko: *a ghazal*

Apni jaulan-gah: *a ghazal*

Sitaron se age: *a ghazal*

“Masjid-e Qurtubah”: *a nazm*

“Lenin”: *a musalsal ghazal*

Lalah-e sahra: *a ghazal*

“Jibril o Iblis”: *a musalsal ghazal*

~~ From ZARB-E KALIM (The Blow struck by Moses), 1936 [site] ~~

“Jam’iyat-e aqvam”: *a ghazal*

“‘Aurat”: *a set of short ghazals*

Allama Iqbal, great poet-philosopher and active political leader, was born at Sialkot, Punjab, in 1877. He descended from a family of Kashmiri Brahmins, who had embraced Islam about 300 years earlier.
Iqbal received his early education in the traditional maktab. Later he joined the Sialkot Mission School, from where he passed his matriculation examination. In 1897, he obtained his Bachelor of Arts Degree from Government College, Lahore. Two years later, he secured his Masters Degree and was appointed in the Oriental College, Lahore, as a lecturer of history, philosophy and English. He later proceeded to Europe for higher studies. Having obtained a degree at Cambridge, he secured his doctorate at Munich and finally qualified as a barrister.

He returned to India in 1908. Besides teaching and practicing law, Iqbal continued to write poetry. He resigned from government service in 1911 and took up the task of propagating individual thinking among the Muslims through his poetry.

By 1928, his reputation as a great Muslim philosopher was solidly established and he was invited to deliver lectures at Hyderabad, Aligarh and Madras. These series of lectures were later published as a book “The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam”. In 1930, Iqbal was invited to preside over the open session of the Muslim League at Allahabad. In his historic Allahabad Address, Iqbal visualized an independent and sovereign state for the Muslims of North-Western India. In 1932, Iqbal came to England as a Muslim delegate to the Third Round Table Conference.

In later years, when the Quaid had left India and was residing in England, Allama Iqbal wrote to him conveying to him his personal views on political problems and state of affairs of the Indian Muslims, and also persuading him to come back. These letters are dated from June 1936 to November 1937. This series of correspondence is now a part of important historic documents concerning Pakistan’s struggle for freedom.

On April 21, 1938, the great Muslim poet-philosopher and champion of the Muslim cause, passed away. He lies buried next to the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.

This article was last updated on Sunday, June 01, 2003